Earnix Blog > Underwriting

Carriers – Time to Unshackle Your Insurance Underwriters!

Earnix Team

August 9, 2023

  • Underwriting

Battling the effects of the Great Resignation, the Great Reshuffle, Baby Boomer retirements, a wave of layoffs, and “quiet quitting,” insurers, like all businesses, are wrestling with how to grow revenue, keep expenses in line, delight increasingly-demanding customers, and attract and retain qualified and satisfied employees.

A tall order indeed.

And yet, carriers are sitting on a vast reservoir of under-utilized talent: their cadre of insurance underwriters.

The need to retain, excite and make underwriters more productive is a strategic imperative. With some estimates indicating that it takes 24 – 36 months for a new underwriter to reach full productivity, retaining and satisfying current underwriters takes on added importance.

In this blog post, we’ll look at what is keeping underwriters from fulfilling their full potential, how technology can help free them up for more productive tasks, and how insurers can reap significant benefits from setting them free.

Insurance Underwriters: Bogged Down in Non-Productive Tasks

Amidst labor shortages and the never-ending quest for digital transformation, it’s telling - and quite distressing - that we see industry-savvy observers publishing articles with titles such as “Why Underwriters Don’t Underwrite Much”.

In that article, InsuranceThoughtLeadership.com reports that the average underwriter spends 40% of his/her time on administrative work, 30% on negotiation and sales support, and only 30% actually doing underwriting.

One could argue that the 30% spent on negotiation and sales support is productive, in that it helps drive business, and the 30% that’s actual underwriting is in fact the job they’ve been hired to do. But that other 40% that’s administrative work is ripe for digital transformation.

How Much Untapped Potential is There in Underwriting?

According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics, there are 57,080 underwriters employed by insurance carriers in the US alone. (There are another 38,870 in brokerages and other insurance-related businesses, but we’ll focus only on those in the carrier space for now.)

Doing the math, based on a standard 40-hour work week and the 40% of underwriters’ time spent on administrative tasks, there are conservatively nearly 44 million administrative person-hours spent each year in carrier organizations nationwide. Anything we can do with technology to improve the situation will pay big dividends.

Productivity Is Just the Beginning

Wasted time is not the only recoverable asset here. The other 60% of insurance underwriters’ time can also be made more precise and more productive, and better serve insurers’ business goals.

Deloitte has posited that underwriting professionals need to evolve to become “exponential underwriters,” and that armed with the right tools, underwriters can move from hindsight to foresight, apply more science in support of the human-driven art of the function, and incorporate new inputs, risks, and flexibility into underwriting decisions.

Carriers can reap benefits that include better and more accurate pricing and rating, better risk management across the portfolio, and higher customer satisfaction.

Underwriters are Ready to Be Set Free

The good news is that underwriters are anxious to play a more substantive role in the business, and have not given up on being more engaged and excited about their work.

In the P&C Underwriting Survey cited earlier, underwriters listed four key areas in which they would welcome increasing involvement:

All of these are topics that also involve and excite other team members within carrier organizations, so drawing insurance underwriters and underwriting leadership into these discussions and initiatives should be a natural extension of programs designed to automate and upgrade insurance processes end-to-end.

Underwriting: the “Final Frontier” of Insurance Transformation

Much of insurers’ attention in advancing their technology profiles has been focused on the “front office” tasks around delivering an industry-leading customer experience (CX), including implementation of data analytics in the quest to more accurately price products, personalize offers, and manage risk in a world of growing uncertainty. Certainly the logical place to start.

Their investments have focused on functions with high customer visibility, such as sales, marketing, pricing, rating, account servicing, and claims management, all key elements of the insurance value chain.

As a result, those other functions are ahead of underwriting in the digital transition to an era of Intelligent Insurance Operations, or Intelligent InsurOps, and insurers are increasingly aware that this lag is affecting their business success.

Current Underwriting Processes Are Broken

In many ways, underwriting is the beating heart of the insurance business, even if it’s not highly visible to the outside world. Unfortunately, that beating heart is not as healthy as it could be.

The way that underwriting rules are developed and deployed today is a major culprit in limiting the function’s speed and effectiveness, and it ties up underwriters in that repetitive and unproductive work we highlighted earlier.

In pre-transformation insurers, the process of implementing a new underwriting rule typically looks like this:

Among the biggest problems with this approach is that these rules are based on history and some amount of intuition.  By the time market changes are recognized, and new rules are formulated and put into place, it is like looking in the rear-view mirror to anticipate traffic up ahead.

The process lacks flexibility, takes too much time, and the multiple handoffs increase the probability of errors, which in turn requires additional review, simulation, and validation before putting a new rule into production.

The process also places undue demands on adjacent functions, such as pricing and rating, on the data scientists who work with insurance underwriters, and on IT staff, who are tasked with constantly re-interpreting rules and then testing, implementing, and managing them.

Legacy Technology is Standing in the Way

Underwriting and underwriters wrestle with many of the same limitations that their counterparts across the enterprise face, as chronicled by the P&C Underwriting Survey cited above:

  • Inefficient systems;

  • Redundant inputs; and,

  • Manual processes.

To reduce or eliminate these barriers, carriers have spent billions on upgrading technology, but the results have been less than spectacular, with 64% of the underwriters surveyed in the P&C research saying that technology has increased or made no difference in their workloads.

It’s likely that insurers are automating broken processes, which is making them go faster, but not improving them or taking a hard look at the processes themselves. They may also be “sending good money after bad”, working around legacy systems, rather than focusing on how to augment those systems to achieve maximum results.

Streamlining and Optimizing Underwriting Processes

If carriers take a step back and imagine an underwriting process that is shorter and more direct, but just as effective and secure, advanced simulation techniques can streamline underwriting significantly.

These advanced simulation techniques employ machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI), making the development and deployment of new decision rules a process of continuous improvement and nearly real-time implementation.

These modern systems are implemented in the cloud, through a software-as-a-service (SaaS) architecture, making them easily updated, infinitely expandable, and more readily connected with complementary technologies, both internal and external, through application programming interfaces, or APIs.

The “bottom line”: Focusing on new ways to automate underwriting processes can turn underwriting from a potential bottleneck into an agile, nimble, and flexible partner in meeting the needs of the market and the business, enhancing the organization’s ability to handle change now and into the future.

Superior Underwriting Technology is Here

Rather than accelerating broken processes or propping up legacy systems, carriers need to implement specialized underwriting software. Earnix Underwrite-It is an integral part of the Earnix Intelligent Insurance Operations suite.

Underwrite-It is based on composable, agile and real-time-capable technology, and is also tightly integrated with Earnix Price-It and the Earnix Enterprise Rating Engine, drawing pricing, rating and underwriting together in a coordinated, intelligent layer of insurance solutions.

If you can’t wait to learn more, we suggest you read the eBook “Modernizing and Upgrading Insurance Underwriting.”

Better yet, to start modernizing and upgrading your underwriting function now, contact Earnix today.

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Earnix Team